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This utility page is about v0.34.11, an older version of DF.

WARNING: this page is very outdated and has not been maintained since early 2012.


[edit] DFusion info page

Thread for discussions: Thread

[edit] Usage

Dfusion plugin offers four DFhack commands: 'dfusion', 'dfuse' and 'lua', 'runlua'.

[edit] lua

Runs an interactive lua console. For more on lua commands see Lua reference manual or google "lua". Also this command could be ran with filepath as an argument. Then it runs that file as a lua script file. E.g. lua dfusion/temp.lua runs a file <your df path>/dfusion/temp.lua.

[edit] runlua

Similar to lua <filename> but not interactive, to be used with hotkeys

[edit] dfusion

First this command runs all plugins' init.lua part then show a menu. Type number to run specified plugin.

Note: You may see the following error when running dfusion in DFHack: "dfusion/common.lua:45: . Text region not found!"

You just have to do an easy text change to fix it. Find this line in DF/dfusion/common.lua (it's near the top): local pos=string.find(v.name,".text") or string.find(v.name,"libs/Dwarf_Fortress")

Then, replace ".text" with "Dwarf Fortress.exe" and save.

[edit] dfuse

Similar to dfusion but not interactive. To be used with hotkeys (later will have command support).

Also dfuse/dfusion runs an init script located at 'save directory/dfusion/init.lua'. And 'initcustom.lua' if it exists

[edit] Exported functions and objects

The DF is accessed by object 'df'. This object holds all the types, globals table and some helper functions. Up-to-date api help could be found here: https://github.com/peterix/dfhack/blob/master/LUA_API.rst

[edit] Examples

first_unit=df.global.world.units.all[0] --gets first unit

You can iterate in all the objects:

for k,v in pairs(df.global.world.units.all) do --gets ALL the units
   v.name.first_name="Urist" --now everyone will be called URIST!!

Also all the flags can be accessed by name or by number:

first_unit.flags1.dead=true --is same as...
first_unit.flags1[1]=true --... this

For convienence there is function printall:

printall(df.global.world.units.all) --prints all the units, with locations in memory

[edit] Other objects

[edit] Console.

name description example
print prints a message to dfhack console Console.print("Hello world!")
printerr prints an error message to dfhack console Console.printerr("Error world!")
clear clears console Console.clear()
color sets text color Console.color(2)
reset_color resets text color to defaults Console.reset_color()
cursor sets if the cursor should be visible Console.cursor(true)
msleep waits for x milliseconds Console.msleep(200)
get_columns returns number of columns in the console Console.get_columns()
get_rows returns number of rows in the console Console.get_rows()
lineedit asks user for input Console.lineedit("Type in your name:")

[edit] Process.

[edit] VersionInfo.

[edit] engine.

name description example
peek(b\w\d) reads byte\word\double word from memory peekb(0x15486)
peekarb reads a chunk of memory peekarb(0x15486,100) -- reads 100 bytes from 0x15486
peekstr reads a string from memory peekstr(0x15486)
poke(b\w\d) writes byte\word\double word to memory peekb(0x15486,100)
pokearb writes a chunk of memory (gotten with peekarb) pokearb(0x15486,data,100) -- writes 100 bytes from data to 0x15486
pokestr writes a string to memory pokestr(0x15486,"Hello world")

[edit] FunctionCall.

name description example
call(f_ptr,calling_convention,arguments...) calls a function from df. Supports up to 7 arguments. Danger: this could (and probably will) crash df if used incorrectly. FunctionCall.call(somepointertofunction,FunctionCall.THIS_CALL,thisptr)
THIS_CALL a numeric constant for function calling convention. -
STD_CALL -"- -

[edit] From scripts

These commands are exported from script files. Most of them are in "common.lua" file.

[edit] Patterns

DEPRECATED use df.<subitem>

[edit] How to

This section explains in detail some of more complex things that could be done with dfusion.

Individual units can be modified - skills, jobs, attributes, etc. This example selects a unit under the look cursor, updates the name and updates the level and experience for selected skills.

--Takes a selected unit and instantly turns them into Morul - upgrading all appropriate skills to Legendary or higher, as appropriate
--By Martin, 5/25/2012, excerpt for demonstration purposes
--This code gets cut/pasted at the end of /dfusion/tools/init.lua
function tools.morul(unit)
  --include the utils library which we need later
  utils = require 'utils'
  --a unit address can be passed into this function, handle the case where one isn't
  if unit==nil then
    unit=getCreatureAtPointer()  --place the x pointer on top of the creature you want to change. best use is the look pointer 'k' and not 'v'
  --Set the name. Surname is comprised of an array of references [words] into the language file. Each entry grabs a word fragment and the name is all of these catenated 
  unit.name.first_name = "Morul"
  unit.name.words[0] = 1416  --[T_WORD:CHANNEL:catten]
  unit.name.words[1] = 1304  --[T_WORD:BEND:mat]

  --skill level we wish to apply to all labors. Dabbling is 0, Legendary is 15
  labor_rating = 15
  --the skill level we wish to apply to all military skills. 
  military_rating = 70
  --These are the skill ids we want to add. The ids were identified in game_data.ini in DwarfTherapist.
  skill = { 0,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,54,55,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,109,110,111,112,113,114,115 }
  --These are the military skills that will get higher values. Subset of the list above.
  military = { 38,39,41,42,43,44,45,46,54,99,100,101,102,103,104,105 }

  --ipairs iterates over each indexed item in the skill list. Lua index is 1 based, so remember that.
  for sk,sv in ipairs(skill) do
    --assume the labor rating will apply
    new_rating = labor_rating
    --iterate over the military list
    for _,v in ipairs(military) do
      --if the value from the skill list iteration is in the military list...
      if v == sv then
        --then use the military skill level
        new_rating = military_rating
    --the skills need to be inserted in a particular way. This standard function passes the id, the skill level, and the experience value, and tells the tool to keep the skills sorted by id. 
    --the experience calculation reflects the minimum experience to earn the level and allows skills to continue to advance.
    utils.insert_or_update(unit.status.current_soul.skills, { new = true, id = sv, rating = new_rating, experience = (new_rating * 500) + (new_rating * (new_rating - 1)) * 50}, 'id')
  -- walk over each of the skills we just set and print them out so we can confirm each update
  for sk,sv in ipairs(unit.status.current_soul.skills) do
    -- print the skill data. Printall will print entire tables and is handy at poking at the data structures

--add the function above to the dfusion menu system as a submenu under the 'Tools' menu.

[edit] Tips and Tricks

  • To use dfusion's functionality in lua first run dfuse and then use run lua
  • You can bind keys to lua commands (in dfusion context) like this: keybindings add Shift-R "dfuse adv_tools.reincarnate()"
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