|This article is about the current version of DF.|
A pregnant female dwarf can have a miscarriage under extreme circumstances, including being dehydrated, starving, or sustaining a major injury while pregnant. This causes a strong negative thought, the same as losing an existing family member. With many other factors, your dwarf might snap, which in most cases will almost always cause some fun.
Keeping women out of the military can help mitigate this (along with babies being carried into battle), as can ensuring that your food and drink stockpiles are kept sufficiently full. Jailed or otherwise incapacitated dwarves may still be at risk, though, due to the seemingly low priority of "Give Food" and "Give Water" jobs.