DF2014:Raw file

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This article is about the current version of DF.
Raw preview.png

Raw files are text files found in the raw/objects/ subdirectory of Dwarf Fortress (used for world generation), as well as inside the saved game folder (data/save/<region name>/raw/objects/) for already generated worlds. These files can be looked through to discover various specifics of game items, materials, and creatures, and can be changed to alter how the game behaves. They are sometimes referred to by players as just "the raws".

The raw/graphics subfolder of Dwarf Fortress is used to store user-customizable graphics sets. The raw/interaction examples folder contains examples useful for modding but completely ignored by Dwarf Fortress.

Dwarf Fortress is not currently an open-source program, so most modding of the game is limited to altering the raws or memory hacking.

Duplicating the raw files can cause strange, difficult-to-diagnose problems, and even crashes in some cases.

Syntax of raw files[edit]

filename

[OBJECT:TYPE]

[TYPE:ID] 
<...contents...>

ID is a unique identificator for your type to use (i.e. [CREATURE:DOG], ID=DOG or [ITEM:ITEM_WEAPON_SWORD], ID=ITEM_WEAPON_SWORD).

Types of content[edit]

  • BODY — body parts and structures.
  • BODY_DETAIL_PLAN — similar to CREATURE_VARIATION, but used for defining tokens related to body parts (specifically materials, tissues, the assignment thereof, and body part positions, relative sizes, etc.)
  • BUILDING — custom workshops and smelters.
  • CREATURE — creatures.
  • CREATURE_VARIATION — variations that can be applied to creatures (e.g., making them giants, or anthropomorphic). Technically a series of tokens that are added to or removed from the creature (essentially a set of templated changes).
  • DESCRIPTOR_COLOR (tag is COLOR) — named colors for use with DESCRIPTOR_PATTERN objects (other purposes unknown)
  • DESCRIPTOR_PATTERN (tag is COLOR_PATTERN) — patterns with color combinations for use with creatures.
  • DESCRIPTOR_SHAPE (tag is SHAPE) — shapes with descriptions and variations, used for engravings.
  • ENTITY — civilization types, with assigned race, language, culture, ethics, and social structure.
  • GRAPHICS — graphic tiles for creatures. These are not found inside the raw/objects folder.
  • INTERACTION — interaction definitions.
  • INORGANIC — inorganic material definitions.
  • ITEM — items ranging from ammunition to food types, has secondary types for the purposes of [TYPE:ID].
    • ITEM_AMMO — ammunition for ranged weapons.
    • ITEM_ARMOR — body clothing, including armor.
    • ITEM_FOOD — prepared food definitions.
    • ITEM_GLOVES — hand clothing, including armor.
    • ITEM_HELM — head clothing, including armor.
    • ITEM_INSTRUMENT — instrument definitions.
    • ITEM_PANTS — lower body clothing, including armor.
    • ITEM_SHIELD — shields.
    • ITEM_SHOES — foot clothing, including armor.
    • ITEM_SIEGEAMMO — ammunition for siege weapons that ballistae fire.
    • ITEM_TOOL — multi-purpose items that can serve as a weapon, food storage container, etc.
    • ITEM_TOY — toy definitions.
    • ITEM_TRAPCOMP — components that can be used in weapon traps (two special tags define trapcomps that can be used in other constructions: IS_SCREW and IS_SPIKE).
    • ITEM_WEAPON — weapons that are used by soldiers, as well as digging tools.
  • LANGUAGE — word definitions for the languages used by ENTITY objects.
    • Entries beginning with [SYMBOL:ID] sort words into symbolic/poetic groups to be referenced by ENTITY preferences.
    • Entries beginning with [WORD:ID] define words and their alternate forms (in English).
  • MATERIAL_TEMPLATE — definitions of information common to groups of materials (referenced all over the place).
  • PLANT — definitions of plants, their materials, and their derivatives.
  • REACTION — reactions/custom workshop jobs (turn items into other items through dwarven or adventurer effort).
  • TISSUE_TEMPLATE — defines templated tissues for use with BODY_DETAIL_PLAN objects or in creatures.

Usually empty lines are used to divide different types of structures like the file name and [OBJECT:] or different entries, however everything which is not a token besides the 1st string (which is the filename) is understood as comments and is not considered.

The tokens are enclosed in square brackets ([TOKEN:VALUES]).

When a world is generated, the raw files are copied from <game folder>/raw/ to <game folder>/data/save/REGION/raw/. It is currently unknown how much these can then be changed without breaking the save.

A list of tokens can be seen at Category:Tokens.

Parsing[edit]

The order that Dwarf Fortress parses raw files in is determined by the first line of the raw file (not necessarily the filename). This parsing order is important for certain tags, such as [COPY_TAGS_FROM], but not for most other tags.

The names of raw files are completely irrelevant - when you create a new creature, you can put it in any file you want (or even in a brand-new file) and the game won't behave any differently. You can even rename all of the existing raw files and the game still won't care (as long as you generate a new world first, of course).

The load order (recorded by logging DF 0.44.09 file activity in Windows 10) follows the following pattern:

language_*
descriptor_shape_*
descriptor_color_*
descriptor_pattern_*
material_template_*
inorganic_*
plant_*
tissue_template_*
item_*
building_*
b_detail_plan_*
body_*
c_variation_*
creature_*
entity_*
reaction_*
interaction_*

Therefore, vanilla DF 0.44.09 loads RAW files in the following order:

language_DWARF.txt
language_ELF.txt
language_GOBLIN.txt
language_HUMAN.txt
language_SYM.txt
language_words.txt
descriptor_shape_standard.txt
descriptor_color_standard.txt
descriptor_pattern_iris_eye.txt
descriptor_pattern_pupil_eye.txt
descriptor_pattern_special.txt
material_template_default.txt
inorganic_metal.txt
inorganic_other.txt
inorganic_stone_gem.txt
inorganic_stone_layer.txt
inorganic_stone_mineral.txt
inorganic_stone_soil.txt
plant_crops.txt
plant_garden.txt
plant_grasses.txt
plant_new_trees.txt
plant_standard.txt
tissue_template_default.txt
item_ammo.txt
item_armor.txt
item_food.txt
item_gloves.txt
item_helm.txt
item_pants.txt
item_shield.txt
item_shoes.txt
item_siegeammo.txt
item_tool.txt
item_toy.txt
item_trapcomp.txt
item_weapon.txt
building_custom.txt
b_detail_plan_default.txt
body_default.txt
body_rcp.txt
c_variation_default.txt
creature_amphibians.txt
creature_annelids.txt
creature_birds.txt
creature_birds_new.txt
creature_bug_slug_new.txt
creature_desert_new.txt
creature_domestic.txt
creature_equipment.txt
creature_fanciful.txt
creature_insects.txt
creature_large_mountain.txt
creature_large_ocean.txt
creature_large_riverlake.txt
creature_large_temperate.txt
creature_large_tropical.txt
creature_large_tundra.txt
creature_mountain_new.txt
creature_next_underground.txt
creature_ocean_new.txt
creature_other.txt
creature_reptiles.txt
creature_riverlakepool_new.txt
creature_small_mammals.txt
creature_small_mammal_new.txt
creature_small_ocean.txt
creature_small_riverlake.txt
creature_standard.txt
creature_subterranean.txt
creature_temperate_new.txt
creature_tropical_new.txt
creature_tundra_taiga_new.txt
entity_default.txt
reaction_adv_carpenter.txt
reaction_other.txt
reaction_smelter.txt
interaction_standard.txt

Required objects[edit]

While most of the raw files are replaceable or removable, some contain raw objects that are used by procedurally generated creatures (such as FBs and experiments). Raws with the following IDs must exist, to support those creatures. The file names are where said objects exist by default, but are not important on their own, as long as the objects exist somewhere in the raws the game may use them. This list was compiled by examining the code that emits the various "Cannot generate random creatures -- missing *" error messages.

material_template_default.txt:

SKIN_TEMPLATE
FAT_TEMPLATE
MUSCLE_TEMPLATE
SINEW_TEMPLATE
BONE_TEMPLATE
CARTILAGE_TEMPLATE
HAIR_TEMPLATE
FEATHER_TEMPLATE
SCALE_TEMPLATE
NAIL_TEMPLATE
TOOTH_TEMPLATE
EYE_TEMPLATE
NERVE_TEMPLATE
BRAIN_TEMPLATE
LUNG_TEMPLATE
HEART_TEMPLATE
LIVER_TEMPLATE
GUT_TEMPLATE
STOMACH_TEMPLATE
PANCREAS_TEMPLATE
SPLEEN_TEMPLATE
KIDNEY_TEMPLATE
LEATHER_TEMPLATE
HORN_TEMPLATE
PEARL_TEMPLATE
SILK_TEMPLATE
BLOOD_TEMPLATE
ICHOR_TEMPLATE
GOO_TEMPLATE
SLIME_TEMPLATE
SHELL_TEMPLATE
SOAP_TEMPLATE
TALLOW_TEMPLATE
CHITIN_TEMPLATE
MILK_TEMPLATE
CREATURE_CHEESE_TEMPLATE
STRUCTURAL_PLANT_TEMPLATE
SEED_TEMPLATE
LEAF_TEMPLATE
THREAD_PLANT_TEMPLATE
PLANT_ALCOHOL_TEMPLATE
PLANT_POWDER_TEMPLATE
PLANT_EXTRACT_TEMPLATE
CREATURE_EXTRACT_TEMPLATE
FLAME_TEMPLATE

tissue_template_default.txt:

SKIN_TEMPLATE
FAT_TEMPLATE
MUSCLE_TEMPLATE
BONE_TEMPLATE
SHELL_TEMPLATE
HORN_TEMPLATE
CARTILAGE_TEMPLATE
HAIR_TEMPLATE
CHEEK_WHISKERS_TEMPLATE
CHIN_WHISKERS_TEMPLATE
MOUSTACHE_TEMPLATE
SIDEBURNS_TEMPLATE
EYEBROW_TEMPLATE
EYELASH_TEMPLATE
FEATHER_TEMPLATE
SCALE_TEMPLATE
NAIL_TEMPLATE
CLAW_TEMPLATE
TALON_TEMPLATE
TOOTH_TEMPLATE
EYE_TEMPLATE
NERVE_TEMPLATE
BRAIN_TEMPLATE
LUNG_TEMPLATE
HEART_TEMPLATE
LIVER_TEMPLATE
GUT_TEMPLATE
STOMACH_TEMPLATE
PANCREAS_TEMPLATE
SPLEEN_TEMPLATE
KIDNEY_TEMPLATE
FLAME_TEMPLATE

b_detail_plan_default.txt:

STANDARD_MATERIALS
STANDARD_TISSUES
CHITIN_MATERIALS
CHITIN_TISSUES
FACIAL_HAIR_TISSUES
HEAD_HAIR_TISSUE_LAYERS
FACIAL_HAIR_TISSUE_LAYERS
BODY_HAIR_TISSUE_LAYERS
BODY_FEATHER_TISSUE_LAYERS
VERTEBRATE_TISSUE_LAYERS
EXOSKELETON_TISSUE_LAYERS
STANDARD_HEAD_POSITIONS
HUMANOID_HEAD_POSITIONS
HUMANOID_RIBCAGE_POSITIONS
SHELL_POSITIONS
HUMANOID_RELSIZES

c_variation_default.txt:

STANDARD_BIPED_GAITS
STANDARD_QUADRUPED_GAITS
STANDARD_WALKING_GAITS
STANDARD_CLIMBING_GAITS
STANDARD_SWIMMING_GAITS
STANDARD_CRAWLING_GAITS
STANDARD_FLYING_GAITS
STANDARD_WALK_CRAWL_GAITS

body_rcp.txt:

RCP_BASIC_BODY
RCP_BASIC_BODY_STANCE
RCP_BASIC_BODY_STANCE_WITH_HEAD_FLAG
RCP_UPPER_BODY
RCP_LOWER_BODY
RCP_THORAX
RCP_ABDOMEN
RCP_CEPHALOTHORAX
RCP_HEAD
RCP_NECK
RCP_TWO_PART_ARMS
RCP_PINCERS
RCP_CLAW_ARMS
RCP_FIRST_SIMPLE_LEGS
RCP_FIRST_SIMPLE_LEGS_GRASP
RCP_SECOND_SIMPLE_LEGS
RCP_THIRD_SIMPLE_LEGS
RCP_FOURTH_SIMPLE_LEGS
RCP_FIFTH_SIMPLE_LEGS
RCP_SIMPLE_FRONT_LEGS
RCP_SIMPLE_FRONT_LEGS_GRASP
RCP_SIMPLE_REAR_LEGS
RCP_TWO_PART_LEGS
RCP_FRONT_FLIPPER
RCP_REAR_FLIPPER
RCP_TWO_FLIGHTLESS_WINGS
RCP_TWO_WINGS
RCP_TAIL
RCP_2_TAILS
RCP_3_TAILS
RCP_TAIL_STINGER
RCP_LOWER_BODY_STINGER
RCP_PROBOSCIS
RCP_TRUNK
RCP_SHELL
RCP_ANTENNAE
RCP_1_HEAD_HORN
RCP_2_HEAD_HORNS
RCP_3_HEAD_HORNS
RCP_4_HEAD_HORNS
RCP_LARGE_MANDIBLES
RCP_5_FINGERS
RCP_4_FINGERS
RCP_3_FINGERS
RCP_2_FINGERS
RCP_5_TOES
RCP_4_TOES
RCP_3_TOES
RCP_2_TOES
RCP_5_FRONT_TOES
RCP_4_FRONT_TOES
RCP_3_FRONT_TOES
RCP_2_FRONT_TOES
RCP_5_REAR_TOES
RCP_4_REAR_TOES
RCP_3_REAR_TOES
RCP_2_REAR_TOES
RCP_1_EYE
RCP_2_EYES
RCP_3_EYES
RCP_BEAK
RCP_NOSE
RCP_CHEEKS
RCP_LUNGS
RCP_HEART
RCP_GUTS
RCP_THROAT
RCP_SPINE
RCP_UPPER_SPINE
RCP_BRAIN
RCP_SKULL
RCP_MOUTH
RCP_TEETH
RCP_RIBS
RCP_RIBS_EXTERNAL
RCP_LIPS
RCP_1_EYELID
RCP_2_EYELIDS
RCP_3_EYELIDS
RCP_GLOSS_HOOF
RCP_GLOSS_PAW
RCP_5_FRONT_FINGERS*
RCP_4_FRONT_FINGERS*
RCP_3_FRONT_FINGERS*
RCP_2_FRONT_FINGERS*
RCP_TONGUE*
* - The game does not confirm the presence of these objects, but it will still attempt to use them (and fail if they are missing)

The objects RCP_FORKED_TONGUE, RCP_BILL, and RCP_2_HEAD_ANTLERS are currently not used by the game and can be safely removed.

Examples[edit]