|This feature has one or more outstanding bugs in the current release version. Please view the Bugs section.|
First up you need an area that can support honey bees (bumblebees can't be used). These vermin-type creatures occur in any non-freezing biome. After finding a colony of bees, the next step is to create an artificial hive in the craftsdwarf's workshop, kiln or metalsmith's forge using stone, wood, ceramics or metal.
Construction of the hive is then done by a dwarf with the beekeeping labor enabled, and must be made in a tile adjacent to an outside tile. Unless the player specifies otherwise (with - ), the beekeeper will then automatically find the nearest live hive and transfer it to the artificial hive.
For each empty built hive being set to 'Install colony when ready', an 'Install Colony in Hive' task will be automatically added to the job list. Beekeepers would not take the job unless there is a wild colony of honey bees or ready to split domestic colony in a hive. Multiple beekeepers/hives can task the same colony, see bugs section
From there the player has two options:
- The player may toggle the hive (using - ) so that the product is not automatically gathered. This will cause the hive to grow, allowing it to be split into additional artificial hives.
- If the player chooses to have the hive harvested, a beekeeper will approach the hive after 6 monthsVerify or so and transfer royal jelly to an empty jug and produce a honeycomb.
By setting Hives to either be harvested, or grown until splittable, a player can enjoy sustainable honey harvesting, even without access to more wild honey bees (for instance, if your fortress is under siege). The hives set to be collected will be periodically destroyed in order to yield honey, and then refreshed by splitting off bees from the non gathering hives.
The royal jelly is counted as an edible item and can be cooked or eaten as is. The honeycomb requires a bit more effort: it must be brought to a screw press to be turned into honey, which is also edible and can be cooked. Pressing a honeycomb also requires an empty jug.
 Examining hives
Interacting with a hive () will show:
- Which options have been set for that hive (install colony or don't, gather products or save for split).
- Whether it has Outdoor access or No outdoor access.
- If the hive is Ready to be split.
If interacting with the hive shows Not ready to be split then it might mean it has a colony too small to be split, or that it has no colony at all. To see if a hive has a colony, uses "view items in buildings" ( ), which will show an item stack of thousands of bees if there's a colony. will also show if the hive has a honey comb or lump of royal jelly.
 Artificial hive limits
If your fortress has 41 or more inhabited artificial hives, but less than 60, then interacting with a hive () will show:
Presumably this means that existing artificial hives grow more slowly. Verify
Having more than 41 or more than 60 inhabited artificial hives does not appear to prevent new wild hives from appearing, and these can still be transferred to empty artificial hives.
If you fortress has 60 or more inhabited artificial hives, then interacting with a hive () will show:
Presumably this means that existing artificial hives no longer grow, or that grown hives can't be split. Verify
 Streamlining production
To create a stockpile that accepts only honeycombs, start with a finished goods stockpile, turn off all types except tools, and all materials except wax.
- Dwarves have a hard time splitting hives. They also have a hard time keeping track of wild colonies of bees that die out. Having the beekeeping labor enabled on only one dwarf at a time may alleviate these problems. See Bug:3981 and related bugs.
- Removing and rebuilding empty hives usually fixes beekeepers stuck trying to install colonies