From Dwarf Fortress Wiki
Masons are responsible for creating furniture and other objects out of stone in a mason's workshop. Masonry is also required for building constructions (walls, floors, etc.) out of stone, stone blocks or glass blocks, and soap.
|Task||labor needed||experience granted||skill affects quality||skill affects speed|
|Working in a mason's workshop||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Building designed constructions made from stone or glass (trade depots, archery targets, supports, etc.)||yes||yes||yes||noVerify|
|Building paved roads||no||yes||noVerify||noVerify|
|Building other constructions made from stone or glass (walls, stairs, etc.)||yes||no||no||no|