Mason is the skill associated with the masonry labor. Masons are responsible for creating furniture and other objects out of stone in a mason's workshop. Masonry is also required for building constructions (walls, floors, etc.) out of stone, stone blocks or glass blocks.
If you're going to be doing a lot of construction with stone, a good way to train a mason is to make a mason's workshop assigned to the trainee with the workshop profile, have him/her churn out stone blocks, and do construction with the blocks. Not only does it train masonry, but the blocks have greater value than the rough stone they're made from, increasing the architectural created wealth of the resulting constructions.